Data Visualizations of the Great War, 1914-1918

Cimetière militaire de Marcelcave

Cimetière militaire de Marcelcave, Nécropole Nationale des Buttes; Photo credit: Serge Laroche

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In this project I propose to use selected data visualization apps, such as (, Google chart tools ( and Tableau Public ( , to work with selected material costs and casualty data, and in particular to put that data in different relational contexts: for example, casualties in proportion to men mobilized, in proportion to prewar population, in proportion to prewar male population, etc.

Another digital history tool that I will use to help students better view the overall progress of the war on the Western Front is an ArcGis Online ( story map.

For example, some of the statistics that I will be working with include:
o    Civilian and military casualty figures (These are still subject to widespread disagreement.) for the major combatant countries: U.S., France, United Kingdom, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Ottoman Empire
o    Deaths in battle and deaths from non-battle illness and disease
o    Casualties outside of the Western and Eastern fronts in Europe
o    Casualties in proportion to the country's prewar population, the prewar male population, and the number of men mobilized
I'll also be looking at some other statistics:
o    Poison gas use
o    Tons of shells fired/produced
o    Military equipment produced
o    Financial costs of the war


Austria, 1910, male 15-24 = 2,430,000
Belgium, 1910, 661,000
France, 1911, 3,128,000
Germany, 1910, 5,956,000
Italy, 1911, 2,890,000
Russia, no relaible immediate prewar figures
United Kingdom, 1911, 3,593,000
United States, 1910, 9,107,572
Source: Historical Statistics: Europe and US Historical Statistics

Look how the chart look different if I use 2.43 million vs. 2,430,000