HIS 102
Questions to Consider while reading the textbook
and studying a unit's material

The Questions to Consider will be part of the midterm and final exams in the course. You should study these questions using your textbook, but you are also encouraged to use any other sources, such as Wikipedia. A good answer to a question to consider should be about a long paragraph. Check out an example.

Unit 1 Introduction
  • How has geography influenced the course of history?
  • What is history?
Unit 2 Seventeenth-Century Europe
  • Why did Parliament succeed in expanding its powers in England at the expense of the king?
  • What were some of the characteristics of political modernization in France?
Unit 3 Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
  • Why was the era called the "Enlightenment?"
  • What did Isaac Newton achieve as a scientist?
Unit 4 French Revolution
  • What were the main characteristics of the Ancien Régime (Old Regime) in France?
  • Who was Napoleone di Buonaparte (aka Napoleon) and why was he considered an embodiment of the revolution?
Unit 5 Industrial Revolution
  • Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?
  • How did industrial production change Western society?
Unit 6 Russia in Revolt?
  • What did the Decembrists hope to achieve through their uprising?
  • Was Emperor Alexander I an enlightened monarch?
Unit 7 Nationalism
  • What was the point of the Crimean War?
  • How did Germany and Italy come into existence?
Unit 8 Socialism
  • What were the main points of Marx' critique of capitalism?
  • What were some of the distinctive features of nineteenth-century conservatism and liberalism?
Unit 9 Imperialism
  • Why did Britain expand its overseas empire in the nineteenth century?
  • Why were African societies susceptible to European control?
Unit 10 The Great War
  • Why were Germany and England the major players in the drama of the summer of 1914?
  • Why did nobody stop the rush to war in 1914?
Unit 11 Russian Revolution
  • Why were the Bolsheviks able to triumph in the civil war in Russia?
  • What factors promoted the collapse of the autocracy in Russia in February 1917?
Unit 12 World War II
  • How did World War II differ from the Great War?
  • How do you explain why the genocide carried out by Nazi Germany occurred?
Unit 13 Cold War
  • How did the Cold War begin and how did it encompass the entire world?
  • What caused the outbreak of hostilities in Korea?
Unit 14 Decolonization
  • What were some of the common features experienced by countries of the "Developing World" since 1945?
  • Why did South Asian leaders insist on the partition of the subcontinent?
Unit 15 Final Exam
  • What were some of the common features experiences by countries of the “Developed World” since 1945?
  • What is globalization?
Unit 16 Twenty-First Century World
  • How have technology developments shaped the modern world?
  • What is human progress?

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