HIS 102
Unit 9:  Imperialism

Rock of Gibraltar

The Rock of Gibraltar, a 55 million-year-old piece of limestone sticking up in the air at the western end of the Mediterranean Sea.  Although not quite dating to the imperialist era of the late nineteenth century, is there a better symbol of the overseas British Empire than the Rock of Gibraltar which the British captured way back in 1704? The Treaty of Utrecht (1713), which ended the War of the Spanish Succession--a major defeat for Louis XIV--ceded Gibraltar to the United Kingdom.  England has repeatedly refused to part with it since Gibraltar controls the straits of Gibraltar and access to the Mediterranean.  Photo courtesy C. Wayne and Dorothy Miller

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What you must do in this unit What you can do in this unit Some videos that you can watch for this unit Extra Credit Options
  • For up to 25 points of extra credit, review these sources (The Earl of Cromer, Why Britain Acquired Egypt in 1882 (1908); Wilfred Scawen Blunt: Britain's Imperial Destiny (1896-1899); Anthony Trollope: The Diamond Fields of South Africa (1870)) and write a short paper examining the colonial experience.  Please be sure to include quoted material.
  • For up to 25 points of extra credit, explore life in the United States at the turn of the century. Check out the Slatington News Project and write the paper. (maybe more points if the paper is great!)
  • For up to 25 points of extra credit, explain the outcomes of the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 in a one-page paper.  Please be sure to cite your sources.
  • For up to 25 points of extra credit, was there an "Impressionism" movement in music and literature?  Write a one-page paper addressing this issue.
  • For up to 25 points of extra credit, watch Breaker Morant and write a one-page paper assessing the historical accuracy of the movie.
  • For up to 25 points of extra credit, read Lenin's Imperialism and explain his main revisions to Marx's theory of socialism in a short paper (1-2 pages).
  • For up to 10 points of extra credit, what was the extent of and justification for American imperialism at the turn of the twentieth century?  Answer that question in a long paragraph. Use some of the resources available at www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook34.html.
  • For up to 10 points of extra credit, read Captain F. D. Lugard, The Rise of Our East African Empire (1893) and write a long paragraph explaining the rationale for the British empire in Africa.
  • For up to 10 points of extra credit, read Simón de Bolívar (1783-1830): Message to the Congress of Angostura (1819) and write a paragraph in which you examine Bolivar's rationale for his resistance and his political ideas.
  • For up to 10 points of extra credit, read the Monroe Doctrine (1823) and write a paragraph in which you explain the justification for American imperialism.
  • For up to 5 points of extra credit, you can submit the answers to the Achebe study questions.  Please write in formal, complete sentences.
  • For extra credit, please suggest a relevant website for this unit of the course.  Send your instructor the title of the site, the URL and a brief explanation why you find the information interesting and applicable to the material being studied this unit.
Unit Learning Objectives
  • Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to (1) explain the motives for imperialist adventures by different European countries, (2) assess the impact of imperialism on non-Western societies and (3) analyze a historical primary source.

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