Unit 5: European Modernization
must do in this unit
What you can do in this unit
Photo of the Bethlehem Steel plant in Bethlehem, PA, very near to where I grew up. At one time in the early 1950s, over 20,000 men and women worked in these enormous steel works in Bethlehem, which, if memory serves me correct, stretched for something like ten miles along the Lehigh River and then back along and behind South Mountain in eastern Pennsylvania. Many of my relatives worked there and a lot of my friends' dads. My uncle was killed there in a blast furnace accident in 1948.
There is not much left of the plant now after the company went bankrupt and most of the steel works are slowly rusting away or are being dismantled for revitalization and development (into a casino). There is also now a National Museum of American Industry. This photo taken in 1992 shows the plant still a hub of activity. This is what the industrial revolution was all about. Photo used with permission Harald Finster. Please check out his marvelous website with images of European and American factories and industrial works.
Some videos that you can watch for this unit
Extra Credit Options
- Check out the National Archives website devoted to the Declaration of Independence, which has images, transcripts and critical articles.
- The idea of women's rights first appered during the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, but it took a long time for women to receive the right to vote in the Unted States. See this timeline by Tabitha Kleehammer (summer 2016) on First Wave Feminism.
- This website on the Enlightenment was done by Patricia Niles, a former student.
- Rebecca Tucker has a short timeline on non-Western inventions that were a part of the Industrial Revolution.
Unit Learning Objectives
- For up to 100 points of extra credit, submit the De-Industrialization Assignment paper.
- For up to 25 points of extra credit, watch Amadeus and write a one-page paper in which you examine which aspects of the European Enlightenment the movie
- For up to 20 points of extra credit, read Nicholas Copernicus, The Revolutions of the Heavenly
1543, excerpts, and write a one-page paper explaining some of the
revolutionary ideas found in this text. Please be sure to include
- For up to 20 points of extra credit, read the American Declaration of
Independence and then submit the Declaration paragraph.
- For up to 20 points of extra credit, read the excerpt from Friedrich Engels on Industrial Manchester in 1844 and submit the Industry paragraph.
- For up to 10 points of extra credit, in a long paragraph, What did Voltaire mean, in terms of
the European Enlightenment, when he wrote "let us cultivate our garden" at the end of Candide (free copy).
- For up to 10 points of extra credit (maybe more), have a look at Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica and write a long paragraph explaining some of the revolutionary ideas
found in this text. Please be sure to include quoted material.
- For up to 10 points of extra credit, in a long paragraph comment upon Voltaire's criticism of organized religion in his dictionary entry.
- For 5 points maximum extra credit, answer the Declaration study sheet questions.
- For 5 points maximum extra credit, answer the Industry paragraph study sheet questions.
- For extra credit, please suggest a
relevant website for this unit of the course. Send your instructor the title of the site, the URL and a brief explanation why you find the information interesting and applicable to the material being studied this unit.
- Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to (1) explain the basic ideas of the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution, (2) identify some of the key inventions during the Industrial Revolution and (3) assess the causes and effects of industrialization in the western world.